Archive for September 30, 2014

All You Must Know About The Lucrative Career As A Patent Law – 3 Things

Getting a booming career in patent law is not easy. You will have to be an expert in the field to attract lucrative clientele. Now to become a patent lawyer a degree in patent law is far from enough.

You must also have a degree is a specific field of science and must have sound knowledge of path breaking inventions so that you can confidently register that invention as a patent of a particular firm. On top of that you must be registered in a state as well as in the United States Patent and Trademark Office also known as USPTO.

What it Takes to Become a Successful Patent Lawyer

*If you are vying for a thriving career in patent law a mere degree in patent law even from a top notch university will get your nowhere. You must have a technical or a science degree to become a specialist in this career. This is important because you would be helping companies get patents for certain unique products. A science background enables lawyers to understand the concept and inherent uniqueness of various products. Thus good patent lawyers are science toppers. Moreover they must have sound knowledge of similar technologies which have been patented in the past to avoid patent complications and litigations.

*Also if you want to be successful as a patent lawyer you must have expertise in several science subjects. To become a good lawyer you must have considerable knowledge panning across several fields like mechanical, biochemical etc. You will never face dearth of work as your client base will steadily increase. The moot point is even if you have a degree in a certain technical field you must keep self educating yourself. This will arm you with knowledge of various technical subjects and you will achieve the proficiency to take on diverse cases.

*Once you have gained expertise you can represent several inventors and also companies before United States Patent and Trademark Office. Patent lawyers are also experienced in handling intellectual property laws. This means they are adept in handling copyrights, trade secrets and trademarks. Other than these some patent lawyers are employed to handle patent litigations.

Reputed lawyers earn as high as $800 for an hour of consultation. This means the career is very lucrative and good lawyers are always in high demand by top companies and often they are paid astronomical sums for handling patent issues and litigations.

Cosmic Laws To Follow For Your Wishes To Come True

First Law
You must give in order to receive. This is one of the most important cosmic laws that you must remember and above all put into practice everyday. The Mystics call it the “Law of AMRA”. Give generously to those who are less fortunate than yourself. A few coins, some belongings you do not need anymore but might be useful to someone else.

The Universe loves this kind of kind-hearted gesture and will reward your gift many times over. Money and material possessions need to circulate through you as a kind of intermediary. If you are too selfish, this hinders the circulation of the material possessions. If you do not give (even a small amount) the things that you yourself would like to receive, then somewhere it is likely to be blocked and not able to reach you.

Second Law
Your demand should remain in touch with reality. Do not try to claim something that already belongs to somebody else, or that your resources will not allow you to possess (unless you suddenly become a millionaire).

Third Law
Your demand should help others as well as yourself. A purely egoistical demand is never recognized by the Cosmic Powers.

Fourth Law
Your demand should genuinely fulfil a need of your own or of someone else. Wanting to have an object just to dazzle or impress is not approved of by the Cosmic Powers.

Fifth Law
Do not try to determine when and how your request will be granted. Only the Cosmic Powers know what timing and circumstances will be the most favourable to you.

Sixth Law
The time factor plays a very important role in the fulfillment of your request. Always be patient as you continue to express your desire to the Cosmic Powers. And be persistent, whatever obstacles you may encounter. It could well be that the Cosmic Powers want to put your faith and your perseverance to the test, before granting you your wish.

Seventh Law
Whenever you feel some kind of inspiration, a premonitory dream or any form of internal impression, act on it immediately. And likewise, if you notice any coincidences, or any kind of external signs that seem to be pointing to a solution or at least the beginnings of a solutions.

Payroll New York, Unique Aspects Of New York Payroll Law And Practice

The New York State Agency that oversees the collection and reporting of State income taxes deducted from payroll checks is:

Department of Taxation and Finance
New York State Income Tax Bureau
W.A. Harriman Campus
Albany, NY 12227-0125
(800) 225-5829 (in state)
www.tax.state.ny.us/

New York requires that you use New York form “IT-2104, Employee’s Withholding Allowance Certificate” or a Federal W-4 Form for New York State Income Tax Withholding.

Not all states allow salary reductions made under Section 125 cafeteria plans or 401(k) to be treated in the same manner as the IRS code allows. In New York cafeteria plans are not taxable for income tax calculation; taxable for unemployment insurance purposes. 401(k) plan deferrals are not taxable for income taxes; taxable for unemployment purposes.

In New York supplemental wages are taxed at an 8.2% flat rate.

W-2s are not required to be sent in New York.

The New York State Unemployment Insurance Agency is:

Division of Unemployment Insurance
State Campus, Bldg. 12
Albany, NY 12240
(518) 457-2635
www.labor.state.ny.us/business_ny/unemployment_insurance/unemployment_insurance.html

The State of New York taxable wage base for unemployment purposes is wages up to $8,500.00.

New York requires Magnetic media reporting of quarterly wage reporting if the employer has at least 250 employees that they are reporting that quarter.

Unemployment records must be retained in New York for a minimum period of three years. This information generally includes: name; social security number; dates of hire, rehire and termination; wages by period; payroll pay periods and pay dates; date and circumstances of termination.

The New York State Agency charged with enforcing the state wage and hour laws is:

Department of Labor
Division of Labor Standards
State Office Bldg. Campus
Building 12, Rm. 532
Albany, NY 12240
(518) 457-4321
www.labor.state.ny.us/

The minimum wage in New York is $5.15 per hour.

The general provision in New York concerning paying overtime in a non-FLSA covered employer is one and one half times regular rate after 40-hour week.

New York State new hire reporting requirements are that every employer must report every new hire and rehire. The employer must report the federally required elements of:

Employee’s name

Employee’s address

Employee’s social security number

Employer’s name

Employers address

Employer’s Federal Employer Identification Number (EIN)

This information must be reported within 20 days of the hiring or rehiring.
The information can be sent as a W4 or equivalent by mail, fax or electronically.
There is a $20.00 penalty for a late report and $450 for conspiracy in New York.

The New York new hire-reporting agency can be reached at 800-972-1233 or 800-225-5829 or on the web at www.tax.state.ny.us/wt/newhire.htm

New York does not allow compulsory direct deposit

New York requires the following information on an employee’s pay stub:

Gross and Net Earnings

explanation of wage computation if requested

itemized deductions

New York requires that employee be paid no less often than semimonthly; weekly for manual workers (semimonthly if commissioner of labor agrees); less frequently for FLSA-exempt employees paid over $600 a week.

New York requires that the lag time between the end of the pay period and the payment of wages to the employee not exceed seven days for manual workers.

New York payroll law requires that involuntarily terminated employees must be paid their final pay by next regular payday (by mail if employee requests) and that voluntarily terminated employees must be paid their final pay by the next regular payday or by mail if employee requests it.

Deceased employee’s wages of $30,000 must be paid within 30 days of death to the designated beneficiary or surviving spouse; $15,000 within 31 days to 6 months to the surviving spouse, adult children, parent, sibling, niece or nephew, creditor, or person paying funeral expenses (in that order); $5,000 if more than 6 months after death to distributee, creditor, or funeral expenses.

Escheat laws in New York require that unclaimed wages be paid over to the state after three years.

The employer is further required in New York to keep a record of the wages abandoned and turned over to the state for a period of 5 years (after Dec. 31 of year report is filed).

New York payroll law mandates no more than $1.85 may be used as a tip credit.

In New York the payroll laws covering mandatory rest or meal breaks are only that all employees must have 30 minutes for noon meal from 11 a.m.- 2 p.m. (60 in factory); another 20 minutes from 5 p.m.-7 p.m. if shift starts before 11 a.m. and goes after 7 p.m.; 45 minutes during shift of at least 6 hours starting between 1 p.m. and 6 a.m. (60 in factory).

New York statute requires that wage and hour records be kept for a period of not less than six years. These records will normally consist of at least the information required under FLSA.

The New York agency charged with enforcing Child Support Orders and laws is:

Division of Child Support Enforcement
New York State Department of Family Assistance
40 N. Pearl St.
Albany, NY 12243
(518) 474-9081

New York has the following provisions for child support deductions:

When to start Withholding? First pay period after 14 days from service.

When to send Payment? Within 7 days of Payday.

When to send Termination Notice? “Promptly”

Maximum Administrative Fee? no provision

Withholding Limits? Federal Rules under CCPA.

Please note that this article is not updated for changes that can and will happen from time to time.

What Constitutes family Law

Family law. It’s a term you may have heard thrown around in the past, one associated primarily with divorce in the minds of the masses. The term encompasses a number of issues surrounding marriage and divorce, however, all of which have legal ramifications that have the potential to adversely affect your future. These issues, which range from child custody and child support to spousal maintenance, annulment and more, shine a light on the importance of having an experienced divorce lawyer as your advocate. The Arizona law firm of McGuire Gardner, P.L.L.C. can make certain your rights are protected, and work toward the fair and equitable outcome you desire in your family law case.

An experienced and qualified family law attorney can and will educate you as to applicable law in cases involving:

* Divorce
* Legal separation
* Annulment
* Child support
* Child custody
* Alimony
* Spousal maintenance

* Adoption
* Parental rights
* Adoption
* Paternity cases
* Pre-nuptial and post-nuptial agreements

Should you be confronted with any of these issues, the first thing you should know is that the laws governing these issues are complex. You can’t be expected to know the law on your own, but you can depend on someone who does. Most family law firms will offer you a free initial consultation, which can be an invaluable resource in terms of gaining valuable information. A sit-down with an experienced attorney can bring a sense of order to what may seem like a chaotic situation. In the process you’ll gain valuable insight and begin the process of protecting your rights.

In Arizona, McGuire and Gardner, P.L.L.C. will schedule your free initial consultation immediately after you contact them by phone or by email, provide maps or driving directions to an office in your community, and assist you in scheduling a time to meet with an attorney at your convenience.

A divorce, particularly one that includes custody and financial issues, can make for one of life’s most stressful occurrences. The issues involved in family law cases carry with them a great deal of emotion for all parties involved. In such times, the worst possible option is going it alone. Put your case in the hands of an experienced family law attorney, and put yourself on a path toward the outcome you desire.

Search Ninjas Bares Interesting Website Designs for Law Firms

By Donna S. Griffith Baltimore, MD – may 1, 2014. Search Ninjas has issued a press statement declaring they now provide website design for law firms along with the other services they offer such as display advertising, website development, local marketing and Google Places. Aside from these, Search Ninjas is now offering SEO for law firms, an important service as it allows law firms to get site ranking and reach their target audience more easily. As a spokesperson for Search Ninjas said, the importance of SEO for law firms -cannot be overemphasized- since it is one of the most effective ways to attract site visitors. According to Search Ninjas, the services they offer aim to make life easier for law firms that go online. The latest studies show that while many law firms have gone online, they have not been able to make their presence felt due to the lack of good Internet marketing for law firms. And what few marketing programs are available for law firms are too expensive, plus they don’t offer website design and therefore an added expense. With Search Ninjas, social media marketing and other legal marketing efforts are provide with the package. Aside from offering SEO and Internet marketing for law firms, Search Ninjas has made it clear in their announcement that they work on an area exclusive basis, meaning they will only serve one client per area so there is no competition. With the kind of service they provide, clients are assured the focus of the service will be theirs and they won’t be dealing with another firm that avails of Search Ninjas services.

About Search Ninjas Search Ninjas is a company that specializes in website development and promotion for law firms and attorneys. With a team of highly trained experts in PPC, Internet marketing and SEO, the company can offer link building, professional website design, site conversion and usability and more. Contact Details: Donna S. Griffith 716 South Broadway Second Floor Baltimore, MD 21231

Getting Along With Lawyers In Family Law Liverpool Was Difficult

The world would be a nicer place if people managed to get along with others but in reality we all know that this is something which even the most optimistic person cannot expect. Life is all about making the best of what we have and trying our best, which I had to manage when I was a lawyer Liverpool city centre. There are many law firms Liverpool and the one where I worked was a medium sized firm of specialised lawyers in family law Liverpool.

Considering that I am not a very social person, I still tried to make an effort to fit in but you will find that lawyers, just like other groups of professionals, tend to behave like a clique and it is hard for a newcomer to be accepted initially. When it comes to being a lawyer family law Liverpool can be very profitable but you soon you see that we are a maligned bunch various reasons with common complaints about lawyers as being classified into five “general categories” as follows:

Abuse of litigation in various ways, including using dilatory tactics and false evidence and making frivolous arguments to the courts
Preparation of false documentation, such as false deeds, contracts, or wills
Deceiving clients and other persons and misappropriating property
Procrastination in dealings with clients
Charging excessive fees.

Although it is unfair to tar us all with the same brush, you will find that some of the mud sticks and people tend to become wary of you when you tell them about your profession. Certain areas of the law are viewed with more suspicion than others but most people tend to only deal with family law usually. Family law covers the state regulation of family relationships including spouses, parents, children, guardians, wards and domestic partners. Family law may be divided into domestic relations covering marital and domestic partner relationships and juvenile law covering juvenile delinquency (criminal offenders) and dependency (truancy, runaways and unruly, abused or neglected children). Legal issues include marriage, domestic violence, divorce, child custody, marital property rights, paternity, parental rights and obligations and juvenile issues.

Family law is a subset of civil law which deals with divorce, parenting, and related issues. Civil law refers to lawsuits and other hearings where there is no accusation of a crime. In these cases, the standard of proof is preponderance of the evidence. Both sides are private parties and nobody can be sent to jail over the issue at hand, but the court can issue rulings which make people do things, refrain from doing other things, and award monetary damages if applicable.

The law is a vast topic and not even lawyers can be expected to know everything in every area, which is why you will find that most law firms Liverpool as well as in other places, will tend to just concentrate on one area, such as family law or corporate law. In this way they can provide the best and most experienced lawyers for their clients to hire.

maxims Of Common Law’ Are Ignored In Family Court

Courts make determinations in law and in equity. By ‘in law’ is meant following a specific law – constitutional law, state law, etc. By ‘in equity’ is meant determining what is ‘fair’ to do where now law specifically rules. An example is determining how to distribute the assets in a divorce among the husband and wife.

Common law refers to the myriad of decisions made by judges and appeals courts. Maxims of Common Law are ‘guiding truths’. Adhering to them helps judges make fairer decisions. They’re ignored in family court determinations since fairness is a wholly secondary issue. This article overviews what these maxims are.

Maxims are absolutely essential to the preservation of rights and fair treatment to all litigants. Maxims:

* represent ‘self-evident’ truth – as mentioned in our Declaration of Independence when it referred to ‘all men’ as being created equal.

* serve to guide judicial determinations in the same way that ‘axioms’ guide the analysis of mathematical determinations

* promotes fair dealing and unbiased justice – a clearly essential issue in the purpose of courts

Courts, primarily established to enforce the principles of common law, are bound by common law rules of equity that should be grounded in the never-changing maxims. This grounding serves to restrain the court’s wanton discretion in equity law determinations.

Examples of Maxims:

Let’s take a look at some examples to see the nature of maxims -as self-evidently fair. Here’s an important one:

*The certainty of a thing arises only from making a thing certain.

This implies that the court should seek clear proof of allegations made against someone and not rule on just the allegations or weakly supported ones. Family court ignores these maxims all the time.

*The safety of the people cannot be judged but by the safety of every individual.

Laws which supposedly protect the safety of some people at the expense of other people’s rights violate this maxim. A clear example of such a violation is present day domestic restraining order laws which are rampantly and unjustly imposed upon so many fathers.

*Law is unjust where it is uncertain or vague in its meaning.

Laws should be clear so that one knows precisely when he’s breaking such a law. Remember the violation of laws brings consequences on those who violate them. Vague laws are considered unconstitutional. An example of vague standard of law is the ‘best interest of the child’ standard – used to unjustly deny fit fathers custody of their children.

*The Burden of Proof lies on him who asserts the fact -not on him who denies it.

This is based on the fact that you can’t prove a negative. Courts that force people to prove a negative are examples of kangaroo courts. Family courts jail fathers when they can’t prove that they don’t have money to pay!

*No one should be believed except upon his oath.

This simply means that anyone who will give testimony must be sworn in. That way he can be charged with perjury – which is a felony (a serious crime) – if he can be found to be intentionally lying. No ‘swearing in’ means no perjury and no penalty for lying.

*Perjured witnesses should be punished for perjury and for the crimes they falsely accuse against him.

This is the bottom line of enforcing honesty in court testimony. Unfortunately perjury is almost never punished -allowing the degradation of court integrity – so obvious in family court.

*Every home is a castle; though the winds of heaven blow through it, officers of the state cannot enter.

This is from English common law which made a man’s home sacrosanct. It should still be true. It requires officers to have warrants to enter a home. A warrant is permission from a judge based on good cause to enter a home.

*No man should profit by his own wrong or, He who does not have clean hands, cannot benefit from the law

This is self-evident. An extreme case is the child that pleads mercy because he’s an orphan – but only because he murdered his parents.

*He who uses his legal rights harms no one.

But, fathers are routinely punished by seeking their rights in family court.

*No one is punished unless for some wrong act or fault.

But forced into the noncustodial status for doing no wrong would be considered punishment by any reasonable person.

*It’s natural that he who bears the charge of a thing, should receive the profits.

If you have all the obligations for something but none of the benefits, then you are a slave.

Fathers who go to family court observe clear violations of these maxims all the time. Such violations mean that there is a tyranny taking place.

Duty Of Care In Torts Law

Duty of care in Donaghue -v- Stevenson 1932 was defined as exercising such care out of the box due in such ‘acts or omissions which you may reasonably foresee is planning to injure persons so directly affected which you ought reasonably to obtain them in contemplation’ and Caparo Industries -v- Dickman 1990 referred and situations whereby it may be fair, just, and reasonable to impose.

This duty is owed to 1 in physical proximity: e.g., in Haseldine -v – Daw 1941 to user of a lift negligently repaired, Buckland -v- Guilford Gas Light 1941 to child electrocuted by low cables upon climbing a tree, although not with a mother for shock nor for miscarriage to a single who had previously been being who the motive force along with the rider couldn’t to have known which were around in King -v- Phillips 1953 and Bourhill -v- Young 1942; so they can one out of legal proximity: e.g., in Donaghue -v- Stevenson 1932 for illness of consumer from manufacturer’s drink purchased by another, and not if immune as public policy in Hill -v- Chief Constable 1988, or as barristers or judges – Saif -v- Sydney Mitchell 1980; as well as to one with blood-ties: e.g., in McLoughlin -v- O’Brien 1982 to a mother who by news of accident ‘it was obvious that you will find affected’ ~it may be owed for financial decrease in special professional relationships -Mutual Life Assurance -v- Evett 1971, for careless words not provided clear as being without responsibility -Hadley Byrne -v- Heller & Partners 1964, and for serious nervous shock -Reilly -v- Merseyside RHA 1994.

The injury, additionally, if reasonably foreseeable is -Fardon -v- Harcourt 1932, negligence may entitle to damages, even punitive, Rookes -v- Bernard 1964, although if contemptuously claimed to as few as the smallest coin of the realm, e.g., without costs and nominal in Constantine -v- Imperial London Hotels 1944.

Circumstances in which a duty of care can be breached, except in the case of specific torts like libel or trespass -or underneath the Rylands -v- Fletcher rule where lawfully but at your own peril manufactured any unnatural by using land and excluding cases of immunity and circumstances the place where a statutory duty properly exercised infringes the right -such as the disturbance brought on by the noise of aircraft taking of or landing – however , not if improperly exercised: Fisher -v- Ruislip-Northwood UDC 1945, such circumstances can be regardless if a risk is know and never objected to: Smith -v- Charles Baker & Son 1891, indeed in which a risk is known and has now been consented to: Bowater -v- Rowley Regis Corp. 1944 ~even if you have contributory negligence: Stapley -v- Gypsum Mines Ltd 1953 -indeed even if despite instructions.

The typical is that of the ‘reasonable man’; if injury was risked: Bolton -v- Stone 1951 ~6 times in 3 decades meant not and also the degree of the danger is proportional as far as of care required; the seriousness of the injury risked too is proportional the amount of care necessary: Paris -v- Stepney BC 1951 -more to employee blind within a eye, rather than the total nevertheless the sort of the injury on such basis as: British Railways Board. -v- Herrington 1972; a social value whether justified danger: in Fisher failure were justified in war-time black-out to get up shaded lights to protect yourself from public nuisance to the cyclist, in Watt -v- Hertfordshire CC 1954 buying the wrong vehicle in this area of accident was justified by the valuable time that is going to have already been lost in enabling there help; the cost-benefit consideration: in Latimer -v- AEC 1953 to have done in excess of reasonable could have made raise the risk too remote by comparison -except should there be a statutory duty including in the Health & Safety Acts; that standard in the example of an expert’s negligence is, instead -Latimer, of an ‘reasonable expert’.

The link between the breach of duty as well as the resultant damage have to be proven to exist ought to be fact or perhaps a couple of law. Hmo’s is susceptible to the ‘but for’ rule: in Barnett -v- Chelsea etc. Hospital etc. 1968 breach by the failure on the doctor to call hasn’t been the caused of death, McWilliams -v- Sir Arrol 1962 failed since the safety-belt would not are actually worn if supplied, in Cutler -v- Vauxhall motors 1971 the operation on a graze had been recently ordered on an ulcer on the site than me and would be a pre-existing condition; but, just isn’t broken a causative link by way of consecutive cause and did not lessen a subsequent injury the initial factors in Baker -v- Willoughby 1970, nor necessarily disentitle multiple causes when on the balance of probabilities the link considerably was the explanation: McGhee -v- National Coal Board 1973; where harm or some of it is coming from a third party’s breach the ‘but for’ rule still refers to whether he type of injury happens to be seen: Hogan -v Betinck Colliers 1949.

Aforementioned only applies in the event the breach isn’t too remote, plus it wasn’t in Wieland -v- Cyril Lord Carpets 1969 the fact that fall elsewhere and later had resulted through the necessity to discard bi-focal glasses brought on by the driver’s negligence; the special sensitivity in the claimant wouldn’t matter -’egg-shell skull’ rule: Robinson -v- Mailbox 1974 -’one has to take the victim as he finds him’; inside Wagonmound 1961 during the time of the breach that oil spilled could burn on sea-water could hardly reasonably, as well as in Doughty -v- Turner Mfg. 1964 as a result of state expertise, are actually foreseen; employing Bradford -v- Robinson Rentals 1967 the frostbite was on account of providing a van without having a heater.

The claimant’s proof can go on to the defendant: Steer -v- Durable Rubber 1956; no less than some evidence is necessary of negligence even if ‘facts speak for themselves’ -they will not in case the claimant can’t say so what happened: Wakelin -v- LSWR 1886, negligence could be inferred from lack of explanation by defendant, for virtually any by claimant legally Reform (Contributory Negligence) Act 1945 proportionate reduction is made.

Why Not To Choose Family Law Software

And be left behind

Just as there are convincing arguments favoring use of family law software, there still remains a segment of lawyers engaged in family law practice that find it hard to adapt to newer technologies. Ask them and we are likely to get responses like:

I am not too familiar with computers. It will take a long time for me to learn and use features of the family law software. I am doing fine working calculations manually and have all information at my fingertip. We maintain all records and calculate manually and inducting this software would mean a radical change in the present working system.

I am so busy working on cases, filling out forms, preparing documents, calculating what if scenarios, computing tax liabilities, child support in the various cases in hand that if I stop this and devote my time to learning and implementing the computerized family law software, my work will suffer.

It is expensive. I do not trust computerized family law software, whether it is New York family law software or Arizona family law software to do things the way I have been doing it since years. I would have to calculate manually and compare it with the software results to know it is right. It is too risky and time consuming.

For the first argument one might say that not keeping up with the times will leave you behind. Change and improvement affect productivity positively and increase clientele and revenues. It is worth the effort to spend some time learning when the rewards can be so much more.

For the second one might say that if a lawyer is too busy engaged in attending to cases, the family law software frees him, gives him more time to be more productive and handle more clients.

For the third argument, solid reasons for implementing family law software, whether it is New York family law software, Pennsylvania family law software or Arizona family law software, are that by cutting your workload and doing everything you do manually, it increases your productivity, pays back for itself within a short time and you will soon generate more revenues. As for risk, the family law software undergoes rigorous test before being commercially released. Learning is not time consuming; developers have made it user-friendly and intuitive so anyone with only a basic knowledge of computers can learn and be productive in a couple of days. You will never outgrow it. It is comprehensive. There is support and updates regularly available from the vendor.

Given all its features and advantages, notwithstanding all the arguments as to why not to choose family law software, todays trends dictate that lawyers give serious consideration and choose a comprehensive family law package.

Agricultural Land Property Purchasing In Bangalore Law Information

Before purchasing any sites especially agriculture land for non agriculture purpose approval under relevant laws viz. Karnataka Land Reforms Act, 1961, the Karnataka Land Revenue Act, 1964 along rules and other provisions of law is must. And Bangalore Metropolitan Regional development Authority (BMRDA) is regulating authority to approve layouts on outskirts of Bangalore.
Clear title and documentation are hard to come by with agricultural land of Bangalore (Karnataka). The following is a useful checklist of documents for review by a Bangalore law firm / lawyer before purchasing Agricultural land:
Mother deed and sale deed: It is very important document to trace the ownership of agriculture land. And it is basic document that shows how the property at the commencement was acquired there after there will be series of transactions such as sale gift law in Bangalore etc.

Akarbandi: Land topography sketch issued by State Revenue Authority viz. survey department. It establishes the survey number and to whom the particular survey number was originally allotted and the land / property revenue assessment details.

Encumbrance Certificate: Certificate from State Revenue Authority stating that there is no lien on the land / property (Has to be obtained for the last 30 years)

Family Tree of the vendor: State Revenue Authority document required to ascertain whether other family members have a stake in the property

Saguvali Chit: It is also called Grant Certificate. This is issued on Form No..VII in case of grant of Govt. land to the eligible persons for cultivation. This establishes title of the persons in the Saguvali Chit to the land granted.
Conversion Order: Conversion certificate has to be obtained for non agriculture purpose & that has to be checked to determine whether it is DC converted or not.
Khata and up to date Tax-paid receipts: Khata in Form MAR 19 (issued prior to 19. 05.2003) along up to date Tax-paid receipts.
Land Acquisition Status: Endorsements from State Revenue Authority certifying the Govt. acquisition status for the property for instance Notification by B.D.A. or KIADB for acquisition.

Mutation Extracts: History of changes in ownership (for 30 years) as documented in the Khatha Certificates issued by the State Revenue Authority. This is an extract from the mutation register maintained by the village property accountant.

NIL Tenancy Certificate/Form No.7 Endorsement: State Revenue Authority certification stating whether the land has any tenants. This issued by the Tasildar. This endorsement certifies that there no tenancy cases pending in respect of property in question as per the KLR act 1961.

Podi Extracts: Property partition document among siblings if any.

Property Tax Paid Receipt: Latest tax receipt validating that the property tax status is current.

RTC (Record of Rights) / Phani: This is primary record issued by the villager Accountant. It contains details of Survey number, total extent of land property, names of the owner including details as to conversion of land from agriculture to non- agriculture property. (has to be obtained for the last 30 years as per Bangalore law)
Section 79A & B endorsement U/KLR Act, 1961: These are issued by Tahsildar. These endorsement certifies that there no cases pending against the person owning the agriculture land / property.
Village Survey Map: Land location sketch
Patta Book: This book contains information regarding the payment of land revenue and other Govt. dues & information of cultivation. And also contains a copy of the record of rights to the land / property situated in Bangalore.
Tippani: This issued by the Survey Dept. It shows a sketch of the land as the records of the survey Dept.
Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP), Zonal Regulation Map and Survey Map. Apart from the above property should not come within the Green Belt Area.